Why Kotlin Is Better Than Java For App Development
Business Software India • Mar 26, 2020
Times are evolving, and Google is always at the forefront of technology. Easier mobile app programming means quicker implementation and less complications for developers and clients.
Google has announced that Kotlin is the new programming language for Android App developers. Kotlin is the smartest language in app development, developers can code less for typing, testing and maintaining.
Two years ago, Google has announced support for Kotlin in its Android Studio IDE. Java has been replaced by Google’s Kotlin gradually which is still in process of replacement. More than 50% of Android App developers are learning Kotlin, as the new platform for their development. The latest Stack Overflow developer survey and Google states that it ranks as the fourth-most loved programming language.
Chett Haase, chief advocate for Android said, “We understand that not everybody is on Kotlin right now, but we believe that you should get there. There may be valid reasons for you to still be using the C++ and Java programming languages and that’s totally fine. These are not going away.”
Kotlin initially originated at JetBrains, the company behind IntelliJ IDEA, in 2010, and has been open source since 2012. Kotlin is a free, open source, statically typed “pragmatic” programming language initially designed for the Java Virtual Machine and Android that combines object-oriented and functional programming features.
It is mainly focused on interoperability, safety, clarity, and tooling support.
In the recent times, many developers think — “Is it a good idea to switch to Kotlin”?
Here are the reasons-¬—
• Coding in Kotlin is not difficult. Any programmer from OOP domain is familiar with its syntax. Though it is somewhat different from Java, as there are some reworked constructors or variable declarations. Coders can code 20% less coding than Java. And codes, coded in Kotlin are much more compact than Java.
• Kotlin is developed by JetBrains that is why Android Studio has excellent support for Kotlin. Android Studio makes it easier to configure Kotlin into your project, just like opening a few menus. Once you are settling up Kotlin with Android studio, there will be no issue with understanding, compiling and running Kotlin code in your IDE. You can also convert a Java file into a Kotlin file afterwards. In spite of the merits of Kotlin, it isn’t officially endorsed by Google. Moreover, Android Studio’s auto-compilation tends to run a bit slower when working with Kotlin.
• Less codes mean less bugs and less errors. Kotlin does not need too much of coding that is why coders do not need time to fix bugs. We all are aware of the fact that the cost of the app development project has been fixed by the time of coding, fixing errors and bugs. Hence, cost of developing an app in Kotlin will decrease which is a lucrative option for clients to make profit out of the app development.
• Programming has two approaches – procedural and functional. But Kotlin follows a procedural approach to build concise syntax. That is why it is difficult for the coders to decrypt Kotlin. Combination of procedural and functional approaches are yet to be done. Once the combination comes up, Kotlin will get more acceptance by the developers.
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